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Technical Report Aquaculture Policy FrameworkBackground

Policy-making can be defined as ‘the process by which governments translate their political vision into programmes and actions to deliver outcomes’.  A solid, well-grounded and robust policy aquaculture framework is required as a basis for sustainable development and its contribution to food security and economic growth.  A policy provides the well-considered sectoral goal and objectives that are essential for subsequent strategy and development planning. 

To date aquaculture development in the Pacific Island region has largely occurred in a policy vacuum, and that this has undoubtedly contributed to the sector’s slow and uncertain growth since its inception after the Second World War.  Indicators of this lack of policy direction include:

  • A dearth of strategic analysis and resultant plans, resulting in both government and donor-led aquaculture development activities often having limited commercial viability or long-term economic sustainability;
  • The wide-spread introduction of exotic species into many river and coastal systems with likely irreversible effects; and
  • A marked reluctance for private sector investment in aquaculture in the Pacific compared to other similar bio-geographic regions.

The purpose of this study was therefore to evaluate the policy-making needs of the 15 ACP countries in the Pacific Region and to provide a set of practical guidelines for developing an aquaculture policy framework.  This study has been implemented by the ACP Fish II Programme with European Union (EU) funding.

Title: SPC Regional Terrestrial and Aquatic Animal Disease Reporting Workshop

Author: Tim Pickering, Anju Mangal, Ken Cokanasiga

Source: SPC

Keywords: OIE, WAHIS, Disease Reporting, PICTs

Abstract :Pacific Island countries can look forward to continuing to export marine ornamental products to the European Union (EU) conditional on improving their reporting on the status of animal and aquatic health in the region to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE). This lack of animal health reporting capacity has become a specific trade facilitation issue affecting the Pacific region’s export trade in ornamental aquatic species worth approximately USD 20 million annually

Authors: Ben Ponia


Title: A review of aquaculture in the Pacific Islands 1998-2007


Source: SPC


Date : 2010


Keywords: Aquaculture review, statistics, production volumes, aquaculture values


Abstract: A provisional desktop review of aquaculture in the Pacific was carried out by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) on behalf of its 22 Pacific Island member countries and territories in order to bridge an information gap. During the period 1998 to 2007 a peak value of USD 222 million was recorded in 1999 and in 2005, associated with high levels of pearl and shrimp respectively. The maximum volume was 6,900 metric tonnes (t) in 2005. In 2007 the region's production was worth USD 211 million and volume was 5,300 t. Aquaculture has an important role in diversifying trade, increasing capacity for fisheries production, and contributing to rural development. One of the immediate challenges to overcome is to provide a suitable investment climate for private enterprises.

Author: Tokerau Jim

Title: Vavau pearl shell jewelry workshop report

Source: SPC

Date : June 2008

Keywords: Pearl shell carving, Jewelry making, Tonga

Abstract: In May 2008, master carver Tokerau Jim from Rarotonga Cook Islands was sent to Vavau, Tonga to train local handicraft makers to make jewelery with pearl oyster shells, namely Pteria penguin shells. This report describes the achievements of this workshop and is well illustrated with pictures.

Authors: Emmanuel Malpot, Antoine Teitelbaum, Koroa Raumea, Richard Story

Title: Preliminary assessment of the potential for post-larval fish capture and culture Aitutaki, Cook Islands

Source: SPC

Date : May 2008

Keywords: PCC, Cook Islands, aquarium fish, food fish

Abstract: Between November 2007 and March 2008, a project aiming to assess the potential of Aitutaki (Cook Islands) for post-larval capture and culture (PCC) was coordinated by SPC’s Aquaculture Section, involving the Ministry of Marine Resources (MMR) of the Cook Islands and the Service de la Pêche (SPE) of French Polynesia. The project’s main objectives were to (1) assess the potential for PCC applications in the Cook Islands and eventually propose guidelines for a viable development of PCC in the country, and (2) to train MMR technicians in all aspects of PCC techniques.

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